At that time, the Division assembled near Deiningen and reconnoitered for routes to the Danube River. Australian War Memorial, Canberra. Our collection contains a wealth of material to help you research and find your connection with the wartime experiences of the brave men and women who served in Australia’s military forces. After participating in the Tennessee maneuvers June to September 1943 under the Second Army, the Division was transferred to Camp Gordon, Ga., where training was continued. The 20th Infantry Regiment ("Sykes' Regulars" [1]) is a United States Army infantry regiment. While the 60th Armored Infantry Battalion headquarters withdrew to Savelborn, the 3d Armored Field Artillery Battalion moved its batteries west from Haller to the Savelborn-Medernach road. This victory destroyed the defenses of Munich, Germany, removing resistance to the entry of troops into the City. Upon arriving at Barkley the Table of Organization was changed and the 55th Armored Infantry regiment gave way to three separate Infantry Battalions, namely the 21st, 55th, and 63d. The division had no official name although it did associate itself with the nickname "Armoraiders" while in training at Camp Campbell. Activated 15 July 1942 Arrived ETO 23 September 1944 Arrived Continent (D+109) 23 September 1944 Entered Combat 1944 Days in Combat 124 2nd Cavalry Division. ):42 Officers, 931 other ranks 1.4. 20th Armored Infantry Battalion: 3985th Quartermaster Truck Company: 20th Field Artillery Battalion: 3986th Quartermaster Truck Company: 20th Infantry Regiment: 398th Anti-Aircraft Arty (Automatic Weapons) Battalion: 20th Replacement Company: 398th Engineer General Service Regiment: 210th Field Artillery Battalion The Division and its flag were subsequently added to USHMM displays and were cited online there and elsewhere. From 26 August, until its withdrawal from the peninsula on 20 December, the 20th Battalion was responsible for the defence of Russell's Top. Richardson was to head straight for the city's two Moselle bridges. It was activated on 15 March 1943 at Camp Campbell in Kentucky. 20 BATTALION AND ARMOURED REGIMENT PREFACE Preface This, and I quote Dave Pringle, one of the joint authors, this is the history of the 20th, by men of the 20th, collected and collated by him and by Bill Glue, ‘both of whom had the privilege of serving in the 20th’. Regiment broken up 20 September 1943, elements reorganized and redesignated as follows: Regiment (less 1st and 2nd Battalions) as 55th Armored Infantry Battalion. Richardson was to head straight for the city's two Moselle bridges. Use this login for Shop items, and image, film, sound reproductions, 1 VC; 1 CB; 2 CMG; 9 DSO; 1 MBE; 24 MC, 4 bars; 19 DCM, 2 bars; 103 MM, 6 bars; 6 MSM; 38 MID; 13 foreign awards. 14th Armored Infantry Battalion 123rd Armored Ordinance Maintenance Battalion Box 26 1st Armored Division 1st Tank Battalion 1st Armored Regiment 4th Tank Battalion 13th Tank Battalion 13th Armored Regiment 751st Tank Battalion 752nd Tank Battalion 757th Tank Battalion 804th Tank Destroyer Battalion 805th Tank Destroyer Battalion 894th Tank Destroyer Battalion Box 27-28 1st Armored … The 20th Armoured Infantry Brigade (The Iron Fist) is an armoured infantry brigade formation of the British Army, currently based at Wing Barracks, Bulford, Wiltshire, as … During the war it was converted to an armoured regiment. While anecdotal reports indicate varied 20th AD troops took part in the unfolding process of discovery and liberation of the camp, ultimately it was the above attachment of elements of the 27th Tank Battalion to those of the 42nd Infantry Division on which the 20th Armored would be jointly recognized by the US Army Center for Military History (CMH) and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) as an official Liberating unit. 20th Field Headquarters, 7th Infantry Division 447. It was a very busy day of training for the battalion as they ran platoon problems … The 60mm mortar teams fired off all of their old ammunition. Overlooking the above, incomplete official records minimize the Division's perceived combat activity, i.e., citing: Elements of the division first saw action as Task Force Campbell when a false surrender by the enemy resulted in fighting in the town of Dorf, 25 April. Cherry had Company A and two light tank platoons of his own 3d Tank Battalion, Company C of the 20th Armored Infantry Battalion, the 2d Platoon of Company D, 90th Cavalry Reconnaissance, and a few medics and armored engineers. The Division reported to Camp Cooke, CA, for amphibious assault training, but after the atomic bombs were dropped and Japan surrendered, the unit was inactivated on 2 April 1946 at Camp Hood in Texas. The 20th Battalion provided reinforcements for the attack near Flers between 14 and 16 November, launched in conditions that Charles Bean described as the worst ever encountered by the AIF. ABMC Headquarters 2300 Clarendon Blvd, Suite 500 Arlington, VA 22201 Phone: 571-842-0020 AWM 224: MSS146; V.B. Portman, '20th Australian Infantry Battalion: Narrative by Capt V B Portman. Regiment broken up 10 September 1943, elements reorganized and redesignated as follows: Regiment (less 1st and 2nd Battalions) as 8th Armored Infantry Battalion. It forms part of the 3rd (United Kingdom) Division (nicknamed ‘The Iron Division’), the Army’s primary warfighting force. The division has no real nickname although it did associate itself with the nickname "Armoraiders" while in training at Camp Campbell. The 20th Battalion was raised at Liverpool in New South Wales in March 1915 as part of the 5th Brigade. The Division has no real nickname although it did associate itself with the nickname "Armoraiders" while in training at Camp Campbell. 20th Armored Infantry Battalion, 10th Armored Division 557; 893. Richard Nixon's future Vice President, Spiro Agnew, attained the rank of 1st Lieutenant while with the 20th Armored Division's 480th Armored Infantry Regiment (prior to reorganization to light armored division TO&E).[13]. (Nickname information taken from the 18 March 1944 issue of the Camp Campbell Newspaper, Retreat to Taps .) Officially, the Division is erroneously credited with only eight days in combat (overlooking the previously described Rhine action)[11], Peanuts creator, Charles Schulz, rose to the rank of Staff Sergeant (and Light Machine Gun Squad Leader) while a member of the Division's 8th Armored Infantry Battalion. Continuing the attack on 29–30 April against an enemy entrenched in elaborately prepared dugouts and behind the thick walls of the SS Training Center and an Anti-tank School which were defended by small arms, machine guns, hundreds of panzerfausts and twelve 88 mm guns, our troops killed 700 SS Troops, who fought stubbornly and fanatically. 14th Armored Division 19th Armored Infantry Battalion. Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron (Mech. Military Police Platoon:3 Officers, 88 other ranks 1. 55th Armored Infantry Regiment activated 15 August 1942 and assigned to the 11th Armored Division. The Australian War Memorial acknowledges the traditional custodians of country throughout Australia. The success of the operation prompted Lt. Col. Donald E. Downard, commanding officer of the 2nd Battalion, 222nd Infantry (42nd Infantry Division) who had witnessed more than 25 months of combat, to state: "I have never seen a more aggressive armored unit. While Schulz's unit was nearby, it did not actually enter Dachau. Cemeteries & Memorials; Burial Search; About Us; Education; Facebook; Twitter; YouTube; Instagram; ABMC Headquarters 2300 Clarendon Blvd, Suite 500 Arlington, VA 22201 Phone: 571-842-0020. 55TH ARMORED INFANTRY REGIMENT. After training at Buchy, it moved through, Belgium to Langendernbach, Germany, 10 April. Company Headquarters:27 Officers, 194 other ranks 1.2. Billet, Omar 20th Armored Infantry Battalion, 10th Armored Division 557. The 20th left Australia in late June, trained in Egypt from late July until mid-August, and on 22 August landed at ANZAC Cove. 1. Nickname information taken from 18 March 1944 issue of the Camp Campbell Newspaper. [ 20th Infantry Division - Did not exist during WWII ] [ 21st Infantry Division - Did not exist during WWII ] ... 20th Armored Division : Marine. Places of Pride, the National Register of War Memorials, is a new initiative designed to record the locations and photographs of every publicly accessible memorial across Australia. 1st Cavalry Division. The British Army’s 20th Armoured Infantry Brigade (nicknamed ‘The Iron Fist Brigade’) is based in Paderborn, northern Germany. 3 Cavalry Bde 2 Cav Rgt 14 Cav Rgt 4 Cavalry Bde 9 Cav Rgt Following V-E Day, the Division performed Occupation duties, returning to the U.S. in August 1945, slated for participation in the then-planned invasion of Japan. Signal Company:7 Officers, 302 other ranks 1.3. Company Headquarters:27 Officers, 194 other ranks 1.2. The 20th Armored Division's 27th Tank Battalion (a component of Combat Command R) was attached to the veteran 42nd Infantry Division on 23 April 1945 and led the attack to capture the town of Donauwörth on the 25th to secure the crossing of the Danube. In 1917, the 20th was involved in the follow-up of German forces after their retreat to the Hindenburg Line, and was one of four battalions to defeat a counter-stroke by a German force, almost five times as strong, at Lagnicourt. It was activated on 15 March 1943 at Camp Campbell in Kentucky. It forms part of the 3rd (United Kingdom) Division (The Iron Division), the Army’s primary warfighting force. We recognise their continuing connection to land, sea and waters. 20th Field Headquarters, 7th Infantry Division 447 . A sprinkling of the 20th's original recruits had already served with the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force (AN&MEF) in the operations to capture German New Guinea in 1914. Three days later, it was detached and reassigned to the XV Corps, Seventh Army, at Wurzburg, Germany. All three of the armored infantry battalions were in the process of converting their assault guns, and the 20th was the day that the 51st Armored Infantry Battalion turned in all of their M8s. Activated 15 July 1942 Arrived ETO 23 September 1944 Arrived Continent (D+109) 23 September 1944 Entered Combat 1944 Days in Combat 124 The 20th Armored Division was an armored division of the United States Army that fought in World War II. 19th Armored Infantry Battalion 19th Bomb Group 19th Bomb Squadron 19th Field Artillery Battalion 19th Fighter Squadron 19th Infantry Regiment 19th Photographic Squadron 19th Reconnaissance Group 19th Replacement Depot 19th Tank Battalion 19th Troop Carrier Squadron 19th WAC Army Corps 1st Air Commando Group 1st Armored Division 1st Bomb Squadron 1st Cavalry Division 1st Combat Cargo … 20th Bomb Wing, Eighth Air Force 482. 1st Marine Division "Old Breed" 2nd Marine Division: ... 256th FA Battalion: 268th FA Battalion: 319th Glider FA Battalion: 320th Glider FA Battalion: 376th Parachute FA Battalion: Stationed at Joint Base Lewis-McChord and part of the 1st Stryker Brigade Combat Team, 2nd Infantry Division, 5-20 Infantry was one of the original battalions selected to take part in the testing and fielding of the Army's new Stryker vehicle. It is headquartered in Kavala, Macedonia. 1st Special Service Forces. Portman, '20th Australian Infantry Battalion: History by Capt V B Portman'. The 20th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the New Zealand Military Forces, which served during the Second World War as part of the 2nd New Zealand Division. It will form as part of the Reaction Force. 2021 Activated 15 March 1943 Arrived in European Theater of Operations 17 February 1945 Arrived Continent 21 February 1945 (D+225) Entered Combat 24 April 1945 Days in Combat 8 Home; History; Photos; Docs and Videos; Links; Contact / Donate; 19th Armored Infantry Battalion Faithful and Bold! The 20th Armored Division (Greek: XX Τεθωρακισμένη Μεραρχία, XX ΤΘΜ, XX Tethorakismeni Merarchia), is the only armored division of the Hellenic Army. 3rd Battalion disbanded. The 20th Battalion was one of many Australian battalions rushed to stop it, and it encountered some particularly severe fighting when ordered to attack at Hangard Wood on 7 April. Headquarters Company:14 Officers, 159 other ranks 1.1. The division's armored field artillery battalions (the 412th, 413th, and 414th), with elements of the 33rd Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, moved up to the west bank of the Rhine River to support the 101st Airborne Division near Delhoven, Germany, and the 82nd Airborne Division across the river from Hitdorf, Germany. Also known as the “Tiger Division”, this armored division served under General George S. Patton. 1st Cavalry Division. derives from the Battle of Chippawa, in which British Major General Phineas Riall noticed that the approaching regiment had on the uniforms of militia, which the British had defeated at Queenston Heights. 1.1.1… It was the 412th that supported the 82nd in their attack on Hitdorf that resulted in the awarding of a Dist… 20th Infantry Regiment Coat of arms … The 20th Battalion was formed in New Zealand in 1939 under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Howard Kippenberger. 1 Cavalry Bde 5 Cav Rgt 12 Cav Rgt 2 Cavalry Bde 7 Cav Rgt 8 Cav Rgt. Gallipoli, Passchendaele, Somme, 1918'. After considering breaking up the new division to provide replacements for the veteran armored divisions under his 12th U.S. Army Group, General Omar N. Bradley, sent the unit to Marktbreit, where the Division was attached to the III Corps; 20 April. The 53rd Armored Infantry Battalion (AIB), commanded by Lt. Col George L. Jaques, nicknamed “Jigger Jakes” was, at that time, part of CCR (Combat Command Reserve). After a spell in a quieter sector of the front in Belgium, the 2nd Division, which included the5th Brigade, came south again in October. It then moved through Belgium to Langendernbach, Germany, 10 April. It was disbanded on 20 April 1919. Seventh Army's 45th Infantry Division, together operating as Task Force 20, were awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation. The Battalion took part in three major battles before the year was out, second Bullecourt (3-4 May) in France, and Menin Road (20-22 September) and Poelcappelle (9-10 October) in Belgium. All rights reserved. Infantry Battalion (AEF) of the Infantry Regiment Rifle Company (1917 — 1921) After further training in Egypt, the 20th Battalion proceeded to France. Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron (Mech. Your generous donation will be used to ensure the memory of our Defence Forces and what they have done for us, and what they continue to do for our freedom remains – today and into the future. A sprinkling of the 20th's original recruits had already served with the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force (AN&MEF) in the operations to capture German New Guinea in 1914. Billie, Robert USS Johnston 565. The 20th Armoured Division (Greek: XX Τεθωρακισμένη Μεραρχία, XX ΤΘΜ, Eikosti Tethorakismeni Merarchia), is the only armoured division of the Hellenic Army. The British Army’s 20th Armoured Infantry Brigade (The Iron Fist) is based in Wing Barracks, Salisbury Plain. Until October 1944, the 20th Armored Division's mission was to train soldiers and qualify them for overseas shipment as combat replacements for armored units. 19th AIB. [4] On arrival it was sent to Buchy for a month's assembly, preparation, and additional training. The 20th Armored Division was an armored division of the United States Army in World War II. Thus old E Company of the 5th Armored Infantry regiment became B Company of the 21st Armored Infantry Battalion, and so it … To perform this mission, the Division included in its strength an unusually large number of intelligent and highly trained men, including students from several of the Army's advanced college training programs.[5]. The 20th Battalion was raised at Liverpool in New South Wales in March 1915 as part of the 5th Brigade. Regiment broken up 10 September 1943 and elements reorganized and redesignated as follows: Regiment (less 3rd Battalion, Band, Maintenance, Service and Reconnaissance Companies) as 20th Tank Battalion. The 20th Armored Division arrived at Le Havre, France, 16 February 1945. The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Ian M. MacLachlan (0-1010232), Major (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Headquarters, 7th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany from 27 March 1945 to 14 April 1945. Additional elements of the 20th, primarily of Combat Command B (including certain forces of the 20th Tank Battalion, 65th Armored Infantry Battalion, and 414th Armored Field Artillery Battalion), along with elements of the U.S. Meanwhile, in support of units of the 45th Infantry Division (primarily belonging to the 180th and 157th Infantry Regiments), elements of the 20th Armored Division's Combat Command B (including certain forces of the 20th Tank Battalion, 65th Armored Infantry Battalion, and 413th Armored Field Artillery Battalion), operating together as Task Force 20, were awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation for their collective action in the Central European (Southern Germany) Campaign. ; AWM 224: V.B. Despite continuous counterbattery fire, the gunners had given steady and effective support whenever called … "[2], The division comprised the following units:[3]. [6] It was the 412th that supported the 82nd in their attack on Hitdorf that resulted in the awarding of a Distinguished Unit Citation. 20th Armored Division in World War II, 1993 Edition, Walsworth Publishing Company, Inc. 413th Armored Field Artillery Battalion Unit History for 1945, declassified NARA records dated 9/26/00, #NND735017, 27th Tank Battalion After Action Report, 23–30 April '45, declassified NARA records dated 4/18/95, #NND735017, AG Record #AGPD-B 370.24 (12 Jan 46), declassified NARA records dated 9/25/00, #NND735017, Order of Battle, ETO, 1945; Seventh U.S. Army: Report of Operations in France and Germany, 1944–1945, Special Order 39, Headquarters, 480th Armored Infantry Regiment, Camp Campbell, Kentucky, dated 15 May 1943, Army Battle Casualties and Nonbattle Deaths (Statistical and Accounting Branch, Office of the Adjutant General, 1 June 1953, "Order of Battle of the US Army - WWII - ETO - 20th Armored Division", https://history.army.mil/documents/ETO-OB/20AD-ETO.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=20th_Armored_Division_(United_States)&oldid=1001152535, Armored divisions of the United States Army, United States Army divisions during World War II, Military units and formations established in 1943, Military units and formations disestablished in 1946, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 33rd Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron (Mechanized), 138th Armored Ordnance Maintenance Battalion, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 13:16. Activated 15 March 1943 and assigned to the 20th Armored Division. The regiment was organized on 6 June 1862 at Fort Independence (Massachusetts), as the 2nd Battalion of the 11th Infantry, one of the nine "three-battalion" regiments of regulars, each battalion containing eight companies of infantry, in contrast to the original ten regular regiments of infantry, which were organized on the traditional ten-company line. Activated 15 February 1942 at Fort Knox, Kentucky. 2nd Battalion as 20th Armored Infantry Battalion. 1.1. In pursuit of retreating German troops and prevention of a feared German National Redoubt in the Austrian Alps, elements of the 20th Armored (primarily of Combat Command A) crossed the Inn River at Wasserburg on 3 May, entered Traunstein on 4 May, and had entered Salzburg when it received word that hostilities would cease in Europe. Battalions inactivated 13–23 October 1945 at Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia. 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